Robots.txt is a file webmasters use to instruct web crawling bots about indexing their site.


The Robots.txt file is a text file at the root of a website that provides instructions to web crawling bots about which parts of the site should or should not be crawled and indexed. This file is part of the Robots Exclusion Protocol (REP), a group of web standards that regulate how robots crawl the web, access, and index content. The Robots.txt file can be used to prevent overloading your site with requests, to keep certain parts of your site private (such as admin pages), and to guide search engines towards the content you want to be indexed.

While a correctly configured Robots.txt file can be useful for managing crawler traffic and protecting sensitive content, misconfigurations can inadvertently block search engines from indexing your site's important pages. Therefore, it's crucial to use this file wisely and ensure that it does not hinder your SEO efforts.


  • 1.

    How do I create a Robots.txt file?

    To create a Robots.txt file, simply create a new text file named 'robots.txt'. In this file, you can specify directives like 'Disallow:' to prevent bots from accessing certain parts of your site. Once created, place it in the root directory of your website.

  • 2.

    Can Robots.txt affect my website's SEO?

    Yes, if used incorrectly, the Robots.txt file can negatively impact your website's SEO by blocking search engines from indexing important content. It's important to carefully specify which areas of your site should not be crawled to avoid accidentally hiding your site from search engines.

  • 3.

    Do all search engines follow the rules in Robots.txt?

    While most reputable search engines respect the rules specified in Robots.txt, not all crawlers adhere to these directives. Some bots, especially those with malicious intent, may ignore the file altogether.

Related terms

Sitemap A Sitemap is a file where you provide information about the pages, videos, and other files on your site, and the relationships between them. Search engines like Google read this file to more intelligently crawl your site.
Indexing is the process by which search engines crawl and store web pages in their databases.
Crawling is the process by which search engine bots systematically browse the web, discovering and indexing web pages.
GSC (Google Search Console) is a free tool from Google that helps website owners understand how their site performs in Google Search. It provides key insights and tool to optimize a website's visibility and performance.
Technical SEO involves optimizing website infrastructure and settings to improve search engine crawling, indexing, and rendering.
SEO (Search Engine Optimization) is the practice of improving and promoting a website to increase the number of visitors the site receives from search engines. It involves making changes to the website's content and design to make it more attractive to search engines.