Crawling is the process by which search engine bots systematically browse the web, discovering and indexing web pages.


Crawling is the process by which search engine bots, also known as spiders or crawlers, systematically browse the web to discover and index web pages. Search engines use crawlers to gather information about websites and their content, which is then used to determine rankings in search engine results pages (SERPs). Crawling begins with a list of URLs generated from previous crawls and sitemaps provided by website owners.

During the crawling process, bots follow links from one page to another, collecting information about each page's content, structure, and metadata. This information is then stored in the search engine's index, where it can be retrieved and displayed in response to user queries. Crawling is essential for search engine optimization (SEO), as it determines which pages are included in the search index and how frequently they are updated.


  • 1.

    How often do search engine bots crawl websites?

    The frequency of search engine bot crawls varies depending on factors such as the website's size, update frequency, and importance. Popular and frequently updated websites are crawled more often, while smaller or less frequently updated sites may be crawled less frequently.

  • 2.

    How can I control how search engine bots crawl my website?

    You can control how search engine bots crawl your website using directives in the Robots.txt file and meta tags like 'noindex' and 'nofollow'. These directives instruct search engines on which pages to crawl and index and which links to follow or ignore.

  • 3.

    What should I do if search engine bots can't access my website?

    If search engine bots can't access your website, ensure that your website's server is configured correctly, check for errors in the Robots.txt file or meta tags, and verify that there are no technical issues preventing access.

Related terms

Indexing is the process by which search engines crawl and store web pages in their databases.
Robots.txt is a file webmasters use to instruct web crawling bots about indexing their site.
Sitemap A Sitemap is a file where you provide information about the pages, videos, and other files on your site, and the relationships between them. Search engines like Google read this file to more intelligently crawl your site.
Technical SEO involves optimizing website infrastructure and settings to improve search engine crawling, indexing, and rendering.
Crawler Bot is an automated program used by search engines to browse and index web pages on the internet.
SEO (Search Engine Optimization) is the practice of improving and promoting a website to increase the number of visitors the site receives from search engines. It involves making changes to the website's content and design to make it more attractive to search engines.